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"When your hands hit the floor, they get cut up. When mine hit the floor, they slide with ease"

How To Keep Fishing Worms Alive?

There are a variety of different types of fishing worms.

You have your normal earthworms to your nightcrawlers and some other types, but they are all kept alive in similar ways.

This article will look at how to keep your fishing worms alive and fresh, so you can get the best catches you can from them.

The whole point of using live bait is because it is alive, so keep reading to learn how to keep your fishing worm bait alive longer.

How To Keep Fishing Worms Alive

How To Keep Fishing Worms Alive

How to find?

Before getting into how to keep your worms alive, we will touch quickly on how to find fishing worms. While you can buy fishing worms, it is cheaper and normally funnier to find them yourself.

The best way to find them is to wait till a few hours after dark and then go out and start digging in the ground.

It is best if the ground is warm and moist. For light, you can use a flashlight or headlamp and put some red cellophane over it so as not to scare the worms. Y

ou then pull them from the ground and put them in a small bowl or dish with some warm dirt in it. Once you have some worms, it is time to go fishing or store them in a way that will keep them alive.

Worm box

One of the easiest ways to keep your worms alive is to build a worm box. This is a small box that is normally about 2 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet and made of wood or other material.

The nice thing about making a worm box is you can store a lot of worms in it and have a constant supply of worms for fishing.

You won’t have to go out hunting for worms every time you want to fish; you will just need to dig some out of your worm box. A worm box of the described size can hold upwards of 500 worms.

Inside the worm box, you will want moist, not wet dirt or moist newspapers. This will be what the worms eat and grow in. The box should be kept buried in the ground to keep it cool, and only a few inches should be above the surface. You want the box in the shade to also help with temperature. The box should be 40 degrees to 60 degrees Fahrenheit to keep the worms alive and happy. To help with this temperature, you can keep ice cubes in the box, and they will also help keep the dirt moist. You can also use a burlap sack or straw for this.

This worm box works great for keeping worms at home and having a steady supply, but you may be wondering how to keep worms on a fishing trip, well you can use this method on a smaller scale.

Bait Box

You can get a bait box that is about 12 inches x 12 inches x 8 inches and keep around 400 worms easily with this similar method. Put the dirt or substrate of choice in the bait box and then in the middle ad a sealed glass jar or plastic container packed full of ice cubes. As the ice cubes melt, it will keep the dirt moist for the worms, and on hot days the worms will gather by the jar. The bedding will stay cool and damp because the condensation will be held in. Just make sure to keep the box closed when not getting the bait out, so it doesn’t get hot or dried up. You want the condensation to stay sealed inside the box.

Coffee Can

There are some other methods for keeping worms alive, and one of those is a coffee can. You can poke holes in the plastic lid and keep the worms inside it with the dirt or bedding. You can even use old coffee grounds. If you want to keep the worms for a few days, then you can store the coffee can in a small fridge to keep it cool and your worms fresher longer. If going out fishing with the coffee can you can keep it in a cooler and put some ice around it. This will keep it cool and the metal can will develop condensation keeping the soil moist for the worms.

Childs Wadding Pool

Another alternative to the worm box is a child’s wading pool. It can be kept in the shade and filled with dirt and can hold a lot of worms. The key is just to keep it moist. As long as you keep the bedding damp, but not wet, the worms will be happy and live for weeks in this. Using a wadding pool is easier than building a worm box, but it is not a permanent way to keep worms like a worm box is.

Keys to keeping worms alive.

So, now you know a few different methods to keep your fishing worms alive. You know that you can build a worm box, use a cooler as a small worm box, use a coffee can, or even use a child’s wading pool. The real key to keeping worms alive is keeping them in the right conditions. The right conditions for worms are dark, moist, and cool. If you do this, they will stay happy.


Keeping your worms alive and fresh for the next time you go fishing is easy. It is even easy to grow your own worms using a worm box, so you don’t have to buy them or hunt for them. To keep fishing worms alive just keep them in a cool dark place that is moist but not wet. After reading this, you now know a lot of methods to do this. If the methods suggested here don’t work for you, then I am sure you can come up with your own method that works better for your area and what you have available. Any container with coffee, straw, dirt, or even newspaper inside of it that is kept moist and cool can keep your worms living long enough for you to go fishing, just make sure the container is not airtight or else the worms won’t be able to breathe. Other than that you are well on your way to keeping your fishing worms alive.

What Are Skateboard Bearing Spacers And Why Are They Needed?

A skateboard has a lot of parts, and one of the great things about skateboarding is that you can customize your board to make it your own. This is nice because you can create a board the suits your style of riding.

One of the components that you can add to your board is bearing spacers. Read on to learn the purpose of bearing spacers and what they do. Learn what they help prevent and the benefits to help you decide if bearing spacers are right for you.

What Are Skateboard Bearing Spacers And Why Are They Needed

What Are Skateboard Bearing Spacers And Why Are They Needed


This article is going to go in-depth on what a bearing spacer is and what it helps prevent, but before you can understand a bearing spacer, you need to have a brief understanding of a skateboard wheel and the bearings.

In a skateboard wheel, you have the outer ring, and that is what the wheel is connected too. This outer ring spins around the inner ring.

The inner ring does not spin and is what is connected to the axel. Another name for these rings is the outer and inner race.

Inside the outer ring is a crown or cage. This is a metal piece that is used to hold the bearings in place. The bearings are little metal balls. Normally there are seven, but some wheels only use six. These balls sit between the outer and inner race and are what the outer race spins on. Lastly, there is a shield or seal that goes on the outside to help keep dirt and debris out.

How Bearings Work

Now, that you know how bearings are made up, we can look into more of how they work.

The outer race sits on the bearings, and the bearings make contact with the inner race. As the outer race spines the bearings spin with it, and since they are balls, they can move in any direction.

The point of the bearings is to prevent friction, but also make sure the outer race keeps spinning in a smooth motion. This is why you use bearing oil to oil your bearings to make sure nothing sticks. let take the best longboard for beginners if you are newbie in here.

Bearing Spacer

Sometimes things come out of alignment, and that can cause sticking. To prevent this that is where bearing spacers come in.

The bearing spacer goes between the inner race and the axel. This ensures that the inner race is aligned properly to the axel. If the inner race is aligned off, then there might be a wider space at one point between the inner and outer ring and a narrower point at another spot between these rings.

The bearing spacer makes sure space even and it does this because with a bearing spacer on the only way the inner race can go on is the proper way. If the inner race is aligned correctly, then, in turn, this will force the outer race to be aligned correctly and allow for a smoother ride.

A bearing spacer will also help when you go to tighten the axle nuts because it transfers the pressure thru the bearing and spacer and makes sure things are aligned right.

This gives you the tightest fit and reduces all the unneeded friction. The bearings will be aligned perfectly on the axle creating the fastest spin possible.

Effects of No Spacer

So, what can happen exactly if you don’t have a bearing spacer and things aren’t aligned properly? Well, the worse thing that can happen is a bearing explosion. This is like the name suggest. The bearing explodes into pieces. The rings come apart, and the balls go wherever. This can happen when riding and is a bad thing. The main time this will happen is when there are excess side loads. The side loads tend to get too much when you are in a slide and when you are in a slide you don’t want your wheel falling apart.

Another thing that can happen when you don’t have proper spacing is unneeded friction. We have talked about this a little with how your wheel might not be rolling in a uniform round motion. This will cause your wheel speed not to be able to reach its maximum. Bearing spacers help keep your wheels spinning parallel within the wheel. Another thing is your wheels could all be spinning at different rates without spacers, and this could lead to you wrecking. Chattery wheels is another similar problem, and that is when your wheels aren’t tightened all the way. You might think they are tightened down, but then the riding can jar them loose because they aren’t spaced right and aren’t tighten all the way. Chattery wheels are called this because they can make some noise and this noise comes from the wheel being loose and shaking side to side. This normally happens during sliding but can happen during riding. Outside of the noise chattery wheels will also make vibrations that can shake you off.

The last thing that not having spacers can do is make the bearings loud. The inner race can have more pressure than it is supposed too and this will cause noise. Also, if the wheel is not on perfectly parallel all the way around, then the extra space in spots can give the balls room to move around. You don’t want the balls inside the bearings moving side to side you want them to be spinning, and you want them to spin the same way all the way around.

Types of Bearing Spacers

There are a couple of types of bearing spacers. The first is the pre-installed spacers. Some boards now are coming with half spacers and speed rings built in. These are nice because it makes charing wheels easy and it is fewer parts for you to have to deal with. The downside is that they only work with wheels designed to work with them and if you want to change to a different type of wheel, then it might not be compatible.

The other type is aftermarket spacers. These are nice because you can find any spacer to work with any wheel. The downside is that it is more parts you have to install yourself and if you like changing the style of wheels, then you might have to change the spacers too. Bearing spacers are not one size fit all. They come in a variety of sizes and are measured by axel diameter and spacer width. You have to find a pair of spacers that meets both your requirements. The first number is the diameter of the axel and the second number is the overall width of bearing. This is important to remember when shopping, so you get the right ones that will work with your board.


Bearing spacers help prevent a lot of bad things. The noise that they stop is nice, but they also reduce the chance of wrecking from wheels that are not installed right. They prevent wheel shaking and bearings exploding. This makes them an important part of a skateboard and something any rider should consider. You can get bearing spacers to go with any set of wheels, and you will see improvement in wheel speed when installing right. That is because bearing spacers make sure everything in the wheel is aligned right and allows the outer race to spin freely around the inner race. This reduces friction and makes for a faster and safer ride

Ways To Prevent Speed Wobbles On A Longboard (8 Points)

Learning to ride a longboard can be tricky. You have to learn how to stand properly and keep your balance. Once you think you got the hang of it and started going faster a new challenge might occur. That challenge is speed wobbles.

This article will explain what speed wobbles are, why they happen, and how to prevent them from happening. This way you can be comfortable riding your longboard at high speeds and safely at the same time. Read on to learn all the tips to prevent speed wobbles. If you are newbie to longboards, take a look at best longboard for beginner, that article will show 5 longboard for newbie!

Ways To Prevent Speed Wobbles On A Longboard (8 Points)

Ways To Prevent Speed Wobbles On A Longboard (8 Points)

What are speed wobbles?

Before going into how to prevent speed wobbles we need to briefly touch on what speed wobbles are and why they occur.

Speed wobbles are when the board starts to shake, and it happens as you reach higher speeds.

What is happening with speed wobbles is that the rear truck begins to osculate or shake.

It starts with a slight sideways movement and then inexperienced riders try to compensate which ends up making it worse. That is because the wobble is happening so fast that you can’t compensate fast enough and the wobble applied increases.

This increase continues until you wipe out and crash. The crashes can be major and discouraging but don’t worry; there are ways to prevent speed wobbles and proper ways to deal with them if they start while riding.

Your Set Up

The first way to deal with speed wobbles is your boards sit up.

These methods aren’t the best solution though. You will understand why after reading them, but they are still options that some people consider and should be touched on briefly.

Most people thing speed wobble is all because the board is set up wrong, but this is not the case. The only thing changing the board can do delay the wobbles, and they will start occurring at higher speeds. This means your crashes will be harder.

If you don’t think you will lever reach those higher speeds though, then these options might be okay and usable for you, that is why I will include them.

Tightening the Trucks

The first option is tightening the trucks. Since speed wobbles are when the back truck shakes you can cause it to take more speed to shake by tightening it.

The downside to tightening it is that it makes taking turns harder.

There is no way through to tighten the trucks enough that they won’t ever wobble though because if you ever did tighten them that much, you would not be able to turn.

Lower Angle Baseplate

The next thing you can do to your ride is to adjust the angle of the baseplate. If it is at a lower angle, then the deck will ride lower which in turn lowers your center of gravity. If your center of gravity is lower, it will take more speed to wobble, but also makes turning harder.

Longer Wheel Base

The last thing has a longer wheelbase. This again makes turning harder. You can achieve this in two ways though. Get a longer board that may not fit your size or move the wheels farther out on your current board. The longer base reduces wobble, but not perfectly or all the way.

Riding Methods

The other method for preventing and combating speed wobbles is your riding style and using proper skills and techniques once they start. A lot of time speed wobbles start because you are not in a proper stance and you can use your body weight and stance to fix the wobble. There are also a couple of other tricks that can be used to help prevent the wobble and stop it. The best thing to do when you feel a wobble to start is to fight your urge to try to correct it and instead practice these tips.

Body Weight

The first thing you should do is bend your front leg more. This will shift more of your weight to the front of your longboard. You want around 90% of your body weight to be on the front half of the board, and this is especially true at higher speeds. If you find that you have a habit of standing in the middle of the board, then adjust your stance and shift it more towards the front. This will help reduce speed wobbles and keep them from starting until higher speeds.


The next thing you can do after shifting your weight is to start a carve. The key is to make the carve slow and get low into it. What the reason for starting a carve will help with speed wobbles is that it keeps you from trying to counter the speed wobble in other methods. This means that the wobble won’t get out of control and will correct itself. The carve will slow you down and help you keep control. The key thing is to make sure the carve is slow though because if you try to carve to fast, then you will fly off.

Relaxed Muscles

The last thing you should be doing the whole time you are riding, and that is to have relaxed muscles. Your legs should not be stiff. Your muscles should all be fluid. This helps keep you from trying to over correct. Also, being relaxed it will help your mind be calm. When speed wobbles start, it is important to stay calm and not panic. Panicking will lead to a crash. If you stay calm, you can use your other skills to slow down and stop the wobble.

Final Pointers

The best way to deal with speed wobbles is practice. They are going to happen, and when they happen the first time, it will catch you off guard.

The good thing is after reading this you have some ideas on how to prevent them so you won’t be as likely to freak out. The key is to stay calm and relaxed.

If you freak out and try to correct the wobble, then it will get worse, and you will crash. Instead when the wobble occurs get low and shift your weight more to the front of the board.

After doing that you can start a slow carve and this will help you not to counter the wobble. Using these tips will help stop the speed wobble.

You can make adjustments to your board to delay speed wobbles, but this isn’t recommended because they will still happen at top speeds. They happen from too much weight being on the rear truck, and it begins to shake. Speed wobbles happen to everyone. Proper stance is a big part of dealing with them, and practice makes perfect, so don’t let speed wobbles cause you to give up.

Can You Take A Skateboard On A Plane?

If you are a skateboarder, then when traveling you might want to take your board with you. There could be a lot of reasons why you might want to bring your skateboard with you.

It might be your preferred way to get around, or you might be excited to try out new terrain and areas you have never ridden on before.

Another reason why you might want to travel with your board is that you might be in a competition.

If going by car, then bringing your skateboard along with you is no problem because you can control what is in your vehicle. What if you are traveling by plane though? Can you bring a skateboard on an airplane?

Well, read on to find out the answer to that question.

Can You Take A Skateboard On A Plane

Can You Take A Skateboard On A Plane

Can you take a skateboard on a plane?

The answer to this question is pretty, and that is yes, you are allowed to fly with a skateboard.

The details of this question can get a bit harder to answer though. The thing is when flying with a skateboard is that each airline and country has different rules.

Most US airlines are very skateboard friendly. This doesn’t mean you should be riding the skateboard around the airport though.

Carry-ons are called carry-ons for a reason. Can a skateboard be a carry on though? Yes, it can be, and if you keep reading, you will find some tips to make it easier to carry it on.

Rules in the United States

Most all airlines will let a self-propelled skateboard be a carry-on. The stipulation is that it must meet all carry on standards.

The best way to carry a skateboard onto an airplane is to get a backpack that you can strap it too.

This way you don’t have to take it under your arms. If not strapped to a backpack, then some airlines require that the skateboard is carried in a bag. It can be any bag including a trash bag but must be bagged if not strapped to something. This is to keep it from rolling around.

The next thing to remember when carrying on a skateboard is that it must be able to fit into the overhead bin or under the seat.

If you have a longboard, then this may be an issue. The thing is, most airlines don’t want to deal with the hassle of telling you, no, so if you have the board strapped to your bag, then they will generally let it slide, but you can’t count on it, so you should have ideas in place if they do say it is too big.

The alternative to carrying your board on is to have it checked. If you can stuff it in your checked bag, then the only thing that matters is the extra weight. As long as it doesn’t make your bag too heavy, you are good to go. If you can’t stuff it into your bag though, then you can check the board separately.

The downside to having the board checked is that it can get damaged more easily or lost easier. This is because your check bagged goes on a lot of different belts and trucks and has to make it on the right plane. It is best to get your board in your carry on if you can.

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Tips to carry on your skateboard.

There are some tips to help you be able to carry on your skateboard, even if it is a bigger board.

The first one is to get on the plane as soon as possible. That way you can find an empty bin and get your board stuffed into it. Paying extra to board first may be worth it if you want to carry your board on.

Another way to help the board fit into the bin and your carry on is to deconstruct the board. Remove the trucks and wheels, so then the board part can just lay under the bags, behind the bags, or wedged under the seat. You can then put the wheels in your carry on.

Taking the skateboard apart helps make it smaller and also less noticeable. One key thing to remember though is if you take it apart include the tools to put it back together in your carry on just in case your luggage gets lost.

Other countries.

Other countries have different rules than the United States. When traveling out of the country, it is good to check their rules on skateboards. For most European countries, it is okay to have the skateboard as a carry-on, but the United Kingdom and France will not let you have them thru security checkpoints. This means for those countries you will have to check it. Most other European countries will let you check it as well if you don’t want to take it as part of your carry on.

For Asia, there are not set standards, and it depends on the airline. It is essential to check the airline to see their rules. If the rules are vague, then it is a good idea to include the skateboard in your checked luggage because pretty much every Asian country will allow that. Some Asian countries and airlines will let you have the board as your carry on as well though. For Australia, the skateboard has to be in your checked luggage. They do not allow any sporting excellent or blunt object to be a carry-on. It stinks you have to check it for Australia, but it is nice that the rule is not vague.

Africa doesn’t have any direct rules against skateboards. Most airlines in Africa you can have your skateboard as a carry on no problem. Some airlines have their own rules, so it is essential to check them before flying. When in doubt check your board to make sure you can get it on the plane.


So, to answer the question of is a skateboard allowed on an airplane? The answer is yes, most of the time. The key is to check the country and the airline you are flying with, but most will let you have a skateboard as part of your carry on as long as it meets the size requirement and it is appropriately stored. The best way to store a skateboard when traveling with it is to strap it to your backpack or carry it in a bag. Also, to make it even easier take it apart so it will fit in the bins better. After reading this, you now know the answer that a skateboard is allowed on a plane and also some tips to get it on. If all else fails, then you can check your skateboard.

What Are Liner Socks Used For?

Have you ever been out camping or doing outdoor activities and got your feet wet?

Well, this can be really frustrating. Also, have you gone long days hiking and then ended up with sores and blisters your feet? This is a pain too and can ruin your next days activities.

How can you fix this problem? Well, you could buy expensive hiking boots, but this might not be the best option.

An easier option is to use sock liners. After reading this you will know what sock liners are and also if they are right for you.

What Are Liner Socks Used For

What Are Liner Socks Used For

What are Sock Liners?

First before getting into what sock liners actually do, we will cover what sock liners are. Sock liners a a thin polyester or light wool sock that is worn inside your other sock. You put the sock liner on first, and then you put your other sock on over it. It doesn’t matter if the other sock is a normal sock or a thicker hiking sock. You can use sock liners with both. Some sock liners are even made out of a smooth silk or polypropylene, so they can come in all kinds of varieties.

What are Sock Liners for?

Now that we have gave a simple explanation of what sock liners are we can get into what sock liners are used for. Sock liners are mainly used when hiking or doing other outdoor activities to prevent getting blisters. The way the sock liner works is it helps wick moister away from your feet which helps keep it dry.

Having wet sweaty feet is one of the main cause of blisters. You would think having two pairs of socks on would cause your feet to get sweater, but because of the material the sock liner is made of it helps keep your foot dry and transfers the moister into your outer sock.

Sock liners also help prevent friction. This is because it keeps your foot from sliding around inside your boot or shoe.

Besides your foot getting wet, another cause of blisters is repetitive rubbing on the same spot. Having two layers to protect your foot from rubbing helps prevent blisters. Sock liners are also wore tighter than normal socks, so it keeps your foot from rubbing the inside of your sock or your sock rubbing your foot if it is too loose.

These are the two main ways that liner socks help prevent blisters, which is the main cause.

Should you use?

Should you use liner socks then?

Well, the answer is maybe. Some people are more likely to get blisters and if you have sensitive feet, then liner socks might be the solution for you. However, it can be hard to find the right combination of sock liners, socks, and shoes. Sometimes that extra layer can cause your shoe to fit uncomfortably. Also, if the liner sock gets wrinkled or causes your other sock to get wrinkled, then not only is this uncomfortable, but it can also lead to blisters. Your socks being wrinkled can cause extra rubbing and friction.

The key if wanting to wear sock liners is to just experiment with different combinations of liners and socks to find one that works comfortably. It is a good idea to do the experimenting before going on a hiking trip.

Experimenting in the field on a trip can lead to a miserable trip. Also, you got to remember that when you get a new set of boots you might have to experiment all over again. The real key to preventing blisters when hiking is to make sure you are wearing socks and boots that fit properly and vent well to keep the sweat from building up.

Another tip is if you get your feet wet, switch your socks and sock liner as soon as possible because you don’t want moister being held to your feet,

Another Use for Sock Liner?

One final use for liner socks is wearing them while you sleep. You may be wondering why and thinking that it is to keep your feet warm with the extra layer, but that is not completely the reason. It will help keep your feet warm which should lead to better sleep, but it will keep your feet warm because it will wick the sweat off your feet away. This way your feet won’t get wet and get cold during the night. Also, by keeping your feet dry during the night it will help keep your feet in a healthier condition to keep them from getting blisters later.


Liner socks are for wearing when you are doing outdoor activities. They are mainly worn when hiking. A sock liner or liner sock is just a thin sock that can be made of all kinds of materials. It is worn under your normal sock.

The main purpose is to prevent blisters from forming. It does this by moving the moister away from your foot and also reducing friction.

Choosing to wear sock liners is completely a person choice and some people love them, while others don’t. T

he key is to just fine some that work with your current socks and boots and are comfortable.

After reading this though, you now know what sock liners are and have the information to determine if you want to try wearing them or not. You also have a better idea of how they should fit based on what they are used for and a better idea how to find a pair that is right for you.

Is Spring Water Safe To Drink And How To Determine If Safe

Have you ever been out hiking and came across a spring and wondered if it was safe to drink from?

Well, the answer is it depends. After reading this article you will have a better understanding on what makes spring water safe to drink and how to determine if the spring you found is safe to drink from.

Water is always safe to drink if you boil it, but sometimes you don’t want to have to take the time to do that, so learn these tips, and you will be able to determine if the water is safe or not.

Is Spring Water Safe To Drink And How To Determine If Safe

Is Spring Water Safe To Drink And How To Determine If Safe

Spring Water

What is spring water? Well, spring water is water that comes out of the ground. It can come from a cave and flow out like a creek or it can just seep thru cracks in the rocks on the side of a cliff. Pretty much any water that appears to be coming out of the ground is considered spring water.

How is it safe?

The reason spring water has the potential to be safe to drink without boiling or filtering is because the earth filters it as it flows thru the ground. The dirt and rocks catch particles that could be in it and traps them, so then once the water reaches the surface it doesn’t have much in it. Also, since it is flowing under the ground and isn’t exposed to the surface it has a lower chance of having human or animal pollutants in it.

Where are springs?

Springs can be found anywhere.

Normally they are found in areas with surface rock, and it helps if the rock is a karst type.

Karst rock can be ate away by the water which allows it to escape from the surface.

Sometimes springs can be right beside roads though, and they don’t just have to be in the middle of the woods. Springs in woods are normally prettier though and safer to drink from. Springs tend to have really clear and fresh water.

How to Determine if safe?

So now that you have a better understanding of what spring water is and why it might be safe to drink fresh from the earth, we can get into some information to help determine if it is safe.

The first thing when considering if you should drink water without boiling is if it is flowing. You never want to drink water that is stagnant or just sitting around. Water that is sitting and not flowing can grow bacteria and have other harmful things in it. For water that is fresh it must be flowing.

Secondly you need to find where it is flowing from. If you come across a creek or stream and think it is spring water, then you need to confirm this before drinking it. The best way to do that is to follow the stream up to where it is coming from and see if you can find the source. If the source can not be found, then it would probably be better to boil the water, even if it looks clean.

The next thing after making sure the water is flowing and finding the source is smelling the water. If the water has an odd scent to it, then it should not be drunk. Some areas are high in minerals that can make you sick.

One such mineral is sulfur which smells like rotten eggs. If the water has an odd scent, then you should not drink from it. Another thing to consider is the area that you are in.

If you know the history of the area, and know that their were mines around, then it might be best to avoid drinking the water because it could be coming from a mine and the water might not actually be getting filtered by the earth.

Another thing that has to do with knowing the area is if it is an area with a lot of farm lands. If there is a lot of farm lands around, then farm chemicals such as pesticides might be getting into the water source.

Another form of contamination is animal waste, so if it is near farm lands, then you have to consider that too. To find water that is less likely to be contaminated by different surface problems you should find a spring source at as high of elevation as possible. By being at a higher elevation it is less likely for the contamination to have reached it because water always flows to the lowest point.

Another thing to do before drinking from a spring and to help you determine if it is safe or not is to look at the surrounding area. If you find signs of animals, such as tracks leading to the water, then chances are better that it is safe to drink. This isn’t always the case because animals tend to have stronger stomachs and immune to certain things, but it is a sign that should help. Also, you don’t have to worry about animal signs meaning that there is animal waste in the water because animals are smart enough not to leave waste near water that they are drinking.

If you like travel around so i think you also like boarding, let’s choose best longboard for cruising, it is good stuff to have fun.


Spring water can be just as safe to drink as purified or boiled water. This is because it has been flowing under the ground, sometimes for hundreds of miles, and it has been naturally filtered. The larger particles get trapped in the bigger rock and as it flows the smaller particles get trapped in the smaller rocks. Also, since it is below the surface it hasn’t have the chance to get polluted by surface contaminates. You should still be cautious though with spring water and make sure that is what it is when you come across a stream or creek. The best thing to do is find the source, but if you can’t there are some things to consider.

Remember to make sure to find the highest source of water possible because water flows down, so if there are surface pollutants, they will not have got into the water. Also, consider the area so you can know if you have to worry about mine water or farm lands. Another thing is to make sure the water has a good flow, so bacteria can not build up and consider the smell of the water to make sure it doesn’t have any noticeable odd odors. Lastly, look for signs of animals drinking from the water. If animals have been drinking from it, then it increases the chance of it being safe for you, especially if it passes the other test.

Now that you know these tips, you should be able to determine if spring water is safe to drink. When in doubt boil the water so you don’t get sick, but use these tips to eliminate doubt. Next time you are out in nature or hiking, you can determine if the spring water is safe, and if it is then enjoy a refreshing drink of earth made fresh water.

Is Skateboarding Good Exercise And Does it Help you Lose Weight?

If you are trying to lose weight, then you might have considered skateboarding as an option or be wondering if it is good exercise.

Well, in this article we will cover all the health benefits to skateboarding and also determine if it is a good way to lose weight. Continue reading to find out all the positives that come with riding the skateboard besides the fact that it is a cheap and convenient way to get around town or a way to have some fun doing tricks.

Is Skateboarding Good Exercise

Is Skateboarding Good Exercise

How is Skateboarding good exercise?

So you may be wondering how skateboarding is good exercise. To those that don’t do it often it might just seem like you are kicking the ground every so often and then standing still on the board as the board does all the work moving you around, but that is not the case. Skateboarding is actually a full body thing. It works your arm muscles, leg muscles, core muscles, and even your heart.

It may not be a surprise to most that skateboarding can provide a good cardio workout. This may be especially obvious to you if you are trying to ride up a hill. You will have to do a lot of kicking and pushing off the ground to get up the hill. This can defiantly cause you to work up a sweat and get your heart going. Outside of the cardio part the rest of the workout might not seem as obvious to someone new.

The leg workout is the next most obvious part because you are using your legs to kick off the ground. This repetitive motion can help build up your calves and shape your butt. You may be thinking that you are only working one leg though. This is true if you stay standing the same way, but if you are riding for the exercise, then you can switch what way you stand and then kick with the other foot.

On a long trip this will help you be able to ride farther without your legs getting tired as well. Also, another way to ride farther and not have your legs get tired is by pumping your arms. This is where the arm workout comes in. You can use your body’s momentum to help keep the board going. Using your body’s momentum to power the board is called pumping and there are all kinds of different pumps you can learn. If you are interested in that, then we have an article here for you about how to do it properly.

So now we have covered where the leg and arm workout come in, but where does the workout for your core muscles, such as your abs come in. Well, that comes in just by standing on the board and keeping your balance. Your abs and core muscles have to help keep you stable while riding. This is especially true when you are going around curves. When doing curves you have to lean and that causes your core muscles to twist and stretch building them. If you don’t have a strong core, then you will struggle with keeping balance, but your core will build up really fast after a little bit of riding. So you can choose the best longboard for beginners to start learning skateboarding.

Is Skateboarding good for weight loses?

So now we can see that skateboarding exercises your whole body, but is it good for losing weight? To answer this question we have to look at how many calories are typically burned from riding and how many calories is in a pound of fat. For our simple equation we will look at how many calories are burned with an hour of riding. This means that if you ride a different interval you will have to change the math.

How To Choose The Right Type Of Longboard Of Perfect Shape And Style

How To Choose The Right Type Of Longboard Of Perfect Shape And Style

For a person that is 125 pounds though, then burn 300 calories in 60 minutes of riding. If that person weighs 185 pounds, then they burn 444 calories. If you weight more than that, then you will burn more, but will have to do the math on your own. That means that depending on your weight you would burn around 2100-3100 calories in a weeks’ worth of riding for one hour a day. Now one pound of fat consists of 3500 calories. That means that most people will burn between one half and one pound a week from just skateboarding.

Is one pound a week good weight loses? Well, the answer to that is yes because most doctors say to only use one to two pounds a week. Also, this is by just adding in an hour a day of skateboarding. If you are going to and from work, then you might do more than an hour a day depending on where you live. Also, if you change your diet along with picking up skateboarding, then you could lose more weight.

Who can Skateboard?

So now you might be wondering if this is good exercise for you. Well, the great thing about skateboarding is that anyone can do it.

It is a fairly low impact activity and the impact on your ankles and legs can be minimized by wearing proper shoes. The key to being successful with skateboarding is to just take it slow and stay in your comfort zone.

You should learn to balance, ride, and turn well before trying ticks. Also, if you wear proper safety equipment such as helmets and pads, then that will help reduce injury. Skateboarding doesn’t just have to be for kids and teenagers, adults can do it too, and there are all kinds of boards to fit your own style. You just have to find what works for you.


Skateboarding can provide a full body workout for anyone. It is an excellent source of cardio to help your heart be stronger, but can also be used to build your leg, arm, and core muscles. Skateboarding can be done on any road and is a great fun way to exercise. On top of that, skateboarding is also an excellent way to lose weight. If someone just adds in an hour of skateboarding a day into their routine and doesn’t change anything else, then they can lose almost a pound a week of fat. That is healthy and good results. So don’t be afraid and give skateboarding a try if you are wanting to change up your exercise routine or start one.

What’s Pumping On A Longboard And How To Get Better At It

When riding a longboard you the objective is to get it going and keep it going. There are two main ways to do this kicking or pushing and pumping.

Pushing is how most people start to learn how to ride, and you pretty much have to push to get a board started, but it isn’t the only method to keep a moving board moving.

Kicking is when you push off the ground with your foot to move the board. This article though is going to focus on pumping. Once you are done the reading, you will know what pumping is and how to get better at it.

Pumping on a longboard

Pumping on a longboard

What is Pumping On A Longboard?

Pumping on a longboard is using your bodies motion to help keep the board going.

This is done with a variety of technicians, but all focus on shifting your weight and using your bodies momentum to transition power to the board. You can also use your terrain to help with this instead of having it slow you down.

Why Learn to Pump?

There are a few reasons why learning to pump is useful.

The main reason is that once you are good at it, it takes less energy to do then the pushing method. This allows you for long distance riding.

The another reason why it is good to learn to pump is that it is a great workout for your whole body. This means you will be getting even more exercise by riding and also as your muscles get stronger it will be easier to pump.

The last reason is the main reason why people want to learn how and that is because it looks cool. Watching someone who is a skilled pumper makes it look easy, and it is crazy to watch someone be able to keep a board going for miles without having to kick.


The first thing before the different moves that we will talk about is the different stances.

When riding a board, especially for pumping purposes, there are three main stances used.

There is the surf stance, the parallel stance, running stance, and then also the less common backward stance.

The surf stance you stand sideways on the board and have one foot on the front half of the board and the other foot on the back half. Depending on what is comfortable for you, you can adjust what part of the board you stand on.

Some people stand more towards the front, while others stand on the back half and even some stand in the middle. This is probably the most common stance these days, and that is because it allows you to throw all your body weight on the board.

Young woman riding on her longboard.

Young woman riding on her longboard.

The parallel stance you put your feet right beside each other and mainly in the middle of the board.

Some riders have one foot slightly in front of the other, but not by much. This stance is also known as a skier stance because you look like you are on skis. This stance is still a good one but requires a lot more balance. The positive to this stance is it can leverage the power of the snaps on the board. That means if you have a board with more give to it, then you might want to try this stance to use the boars own power better.

The running stance you have your feet spread apart pointing forward while also facing forward. The lead foot can be whichever you are most comfortable.

This stance is fairly uncommon, but some people like it. The perk of this stance is that you can use your arms a lot more in your pumps. Also, instead of putting your weight on the front or back of the board, you focus on putting it on the sides of the board with this stance.

Lastly, we have the uncommon backward stance. This stance you stand back on the board or opposite the way you are moving.

The advantage of this stance is you use a whole different set of muscle than you normally would with your pumps. This is good if you are getting tired, but still, want to ride. You can spin around and keep going.

The problem is you can’t see where you are going, so you need to be familiar with the path or get good at turning your head around while still pumping.


how to slide on a longboard

How to slide on a longboard

Now we will cover a few different pumping forms. For pumping it is all about shifting the weight of your body on the board to maximize the energy in the board. This means doing different twist and shifts and things.

The first technician we will look at is called Hangin Loose. With this method, you swing your arms low and quietly. You then alternate weighting and unweighting the board in the turns. This is done by shifting your weight from the front to the back foot and how much you squat and lean, with the turn.

With this technique, your upper body is always ahead of your lower body. You make a small twist with your lower body, and it is like it is playing catch-up. The power for this pump comes from your abs and core making it, so it doesn’t take a whole lot of energy, and it is great for long distance riding.

The next form is shadow boxing. This form you keep your arms curled at your side like in a boxing stance. This pump you barely move your arms, and most power comes from the core and some with your ankles. This is a good method to use when starting out because it helps you feel how your core moves and helps you see what movements generate the most power.

The next one we will look at is called rocking the baby. You lock our arms together like you are holding a baby and then you just literally rock your arms back and forth and shift your weight thru your body.

This pump is easy, and it doesn’t take a lot of movement to keep you going, but it can be more tiring than some of the others. Tied to this pump is one called tossing the baby. This one you throw your arms high and to the side as you shift your weight side to side. Think about rollerblading only on the best longboards and that gives you a good idea how to do this pump.

Lastly, we have the chop. It is a lot like throwing the baby, but not as big of arm motions. The chop still gets a lot of power from the arms, but also uses the core. Now that you know some of the basic techniques we can move to board set up.

Board Set Up

Depending on your riding style you might want to adjust your board a certain way to certain pumps.

The key is to have wheels that are high rebound and the size that match your ride.

For shorter rides, you will want smaller wheels, and for longer rides, you will want bigger wheels.

You also want a board that is wide enough for your feet when your feet are sideways. Also, a board with a little spring to it will help with generating power, but you don’t want it to be overly flexible that your power goes away from the bend.

As for truck set up, that will depend on you. Some people like their trucks on the same tightness, while others like one looser than the other. Most pumpers tend to add wedging to their trucks, but the degrees vary. You just have to experiment to find the set up that fits your style the best.


The big tip to learning to pump is just to practice. You may look silly at first, but that is okay. The more you practice, the better you will be at knowing what body motions lead to what results. Also, what works for you may not work for someone else. Some different motions to try are a half circle motion with your hips and lower body, a bouncing motion, and then just a shifting of your weight from foot to foot motion. The only way to learn the motions is to do it.


It may take you a little bit to get good at pumping, but once you do it will be worth it. Just practice and experiment and you will eventually figure out what works for you. The whole point of pumping Is making it your own and being creative and unique. There is no one right way to pump on a longboard.

Penny Board Vs. Longboard: Which Is Right For You?

In the skateboarding world, there are a handful of different options, and this can be confusing for some people. This is especially true if you are a new rider and trying to find the perfect board for your needs.

There are your regular skateboards, but these are mainly for tricks. If you are looking for a board to get around, then you will probably consider a longboard or penny board.

This article will explain what each of those is and also the benefits and negatives of each one. After reading this article, you should know which option is the best for you.

Longboard vs Penny Board

Longboard vs Penny Board

What is Longboard and Penny Board

About Longboard?

Why Skateparks Are A Better Place For Longboarding

First, we will talk about what a longboard is. A longboard is a skateboard that is longer than a normal one, hence the name.

Longboards normally also have bigger wheels than a standard skateboard. This helps them have a smoother ride and maintain stability at higher speeds.

Most longboards are made from wood, and the board decks have a variety of different styles.

Here in this article, we are not going to go into a lot of detail of the different types of longboards. There is too much information to cover, and we are mainly focused on the difference between a longboard verses a penny board.

For farther details, if you think a longboard is a right option for you, then you can read more articles on our site to narrow down which longboard for you to get. We got articles on the different woods used, the different deck styles, and pretty much any other information you might need. In this article about best longboard for beginner, we choose the best for newbie, you should go to it if you are starting learn longboarding

What is a Penny Board?

So now that you know the necessary information of what a longboard is, we can go into discussing what a penny board is.

A penny board is a small skateboard that is designed to be mobile.

A penny board is always made of plastic, and hence the name is small. They have plastic wheels as well, but the trucks are still metal.

Most companies use a unique formula of plastic to help keep their boards strong and durable.

Penny boards are incredibly light at normally around 4 pounds. This means that you won’t have any problem carrying it around.

Also, they are known for the variety of designs they come in.

Since they’re plastic, you can get a variety of different colors and patterns that aren’t as easily obtainable on other types of boards. This means that you can have a look be what you want without having to spend a lot on a customized board.

Purpose of a Penny Board

Beauty Girl With Penny Board On Beach

Beauty Girl With Penny Board On Beach

So, what is the function of a penny board then? Why would someone want a light, small skateboard?

Well, the main point to the penny board is getting from one point to the next. Penny boards are designed for commuting and making it around easily. This is especially true if you are going to be riding thru tight spots or in a city. Since they are small, it is easier to avoid obstacles.

The other pros to a penny board are since it is lightweight you can carry it easily. A penny board will fit into most backpacks, so you can take it into school, a store, or on a subway easily.  They are also very durable, which is nice if you are riding it to travel a lot because you won’t have to worry about it scratching or chipping.

The downside to a penny board though is a small size does not give you enough room for your feet.

Once you become a more experienced rider, this starts to become less of an issue, but at first, finding how to stand on a penny board can be a challenge. They are starting to make nickel boards now which are still plastic and like a penny board, but a little bigger. This helps for foot issues, while still maintaining the light weightiness of a penny board.

The other downside of a penny board is that they can lose stability at high speeds.

This means if you have a lot of hill son your path, then you might have to walk it down the hill or slow it down with your foot as you ride down. This can be frustrating, and new riders may not be able to tell when they are going to lose control before they do, so it might lead to some crashes at first if you get going to fast and lose stability.

Reason for Longboard

The pros to the best longboards for the money are that you can go quickly on them. This means for hilly rides that you don’t have to worry about whipping out.

One big use for longboards is downhill riding, so high speeds are not an issue with them. Another perk of a longboard is the extra foot space. This leads to a more comfortable ride. Longboards are also just as durable as penny boards for long-term use if you don’t care about looks that much. Longboards will get scratched, and the pain on the bottom will wear off after lots of use, so if you don’t want that, then you might want to avoid a longboard.

The downside to a longboard is that they are heavier. This means if you are carrying your board a lot, then it might get hard on you or make you tired.

Longboards are also harder to navigate thru tighter areas.

They are great for getting around, especially with long distances, but once you are in the city, they can be more cumbers-om. This is extremely true if you don’t have a larger backpack to carry it in because you will have to carry it with you into buildings.

Also, some places might frown on having a bigger skateboard hanging out of your backpack or not allow large bags in like that.

Which is for you?

So which type of board should you get between a longboard and a penny board?

Well, my answer is if you are just going to be doing standard commuting and not many hills, then you should probably get a penny board. This is majorly true if you are in a busy urban area that is crowded.

If however, you want to learn tricks as well as commute, then you might want to consider a longboard because penny boards are not designed to do many ticks on. The main purpose of a penny board is to get around easy.

Another reason I would recommend a longboard to someone is if they plan on doing more off-road type cruising, This doesn’t necessarily mean riding off the road, but means riding in more hilly environments or less city like ones.

The extra stability at high speeds make longboards nice and also the extra foot room helps, especially for long rides. Longboards are also good because they are more customizable for riding style then penny boards.


No matter which route you go between a penny board and a longboard you will be able to find a board that suites your needs. Now that you have read this and know the advantages an disadvantages of each one you can research farther or start trying them out to see which one you like the best. Finding what is comfortable for you is the main part and this is especially true for a commuting board, which penny boards and longboards both make great options for.

What Kind Of Wood Are Longboards Made From?

Longboards can be made out of a variety of different kinds of material and as time has gone on the preference to what type of material to use has changed.

Some of this is due to technology because specific materials that are available now weren’t always available or not widely available.

What your deck is made of is one of the significant factors that affect the cost, but the material doesn’t just change that.

What Kind Of Wood Are Longboards Made From

What Kind Of Wood Are Longboards Made From

The other big thing that the material concerns are the weight of the board. The conventional materials for longboard decks are wood, bamboo, and carbon fiber or a composite material.

This article is just going to focus on the wood materials though, as there are enough options with only those to fill up an article.

What Kinds Of Woods Are Used For Longboards?

Two main kinds of wood are used, and those are birch and maple. Then there is also bamboo which some people consider wood even though it is technically a grass, but we will discuss it here as well.

The wood can also be used in two forms. You can use a solid piece of the wood, or you can use plywood. Plywood is thin veneer pieces of the wood glued together and the thickness can number of layers can vary.

The advantages of using a solid piece of wood are that it is stronger and you don’t have to worry about the glue that holds the plywood together coming apart.

The downside to a solid piece of wood is that it cost more and also is heavier. This is why most people opt for plywood ranging in some lawyers from 5ply to 12ply usually.

The plywood also has a bit of flex, which is good where a solid piece is too strong, and flexing can lead to the board breaking.


Now that you know the three basic types of wood and the forms you can choose between a solid piece of plywood, we will take a look at the qualities of each specific model.

Maple wood is a hardwood and is heavy and sturdy. The decks made of these are most often used for downhill riding.

Depending on the shape and style of board, maple boards can pick up a lot of speed. Freestyle riders also like them.

Since maple is a dense wood the board is ordinarily 5ply-10ply and they usually alternate bamboo between the layers. This alternating helps cut down on the weight because an all maple board would be cumbersome.

The advantage to a maple board is that it will last for a long time. Also, you can do slides without any rattling or vibrations going thru the board because it is strong.

The downside is maple is massive which some people may not like. This is especially true if you are using your board for cruising and have to carry it some because even with the bamboo layers, maple is still more substantial than other options.


How To Choose The Right Type Of Longboard Of Perfect Shape And Style

How To Choose The Right Type Of Longboard Of Perfect Shape And Style

Next, we will take a look at boards made from solely bamboo.

These boards are light and typically consist of 5ply to 9ply. Even though they are light, they still have decent strength, but because bamboo is more of a grass than a wood board made of it offer a lot of flex.

This flex makes it great for absorbing bumps and rough ground. This makes this options an excellent option for cruising because the ride will be even smoother than a cruiser board made of another material.

Also, the lightweight is excellent for a cruiser because when you have to carry it, it isn’t a big deal.

Bamboo boards are also great for low-speed riding and recommend for that.

If you ride one at too high of a speed, you are likely to get wobble which can cause wrecks.

This is why if you want to do downhill riding you should look into another board material option. Lastly, though bamboo boards are excellent for turns.

The flex allows you to lean more in-depth into the corner and that helps make it crisper. So for casual cruiser or freestyle riders bamboo is a great option.


The reason we saved birch for last is that it is a hybrid type option.

It has some of the qualities of both maple and bamboo. The conditions it gets from maple are the strength and weight, but it gets the flex of bamboo. It is an in-between board material.

Normally boards made of birch use 9ply to 12ply. The reason that it is so high is you need a lot of it to get it stable and sturdy like maple. Birch is more flexible than bamboo when it is in single layers. Also, birch is usually the cheapest option. Some people even make their maple boards at home because it is easy to work with using basic hand tools.

Since birch has a mix of qualities between maple and bamboo, it can be used for pretty much any type of riding.

The flex that it offers help it absorb bumps and take turns easily like a bamboo board so that you can use a birch board as a cruiser.

The extra strength though from all the layers makes it have some weight to it as well though so you can use it as a downhill board as well.

Depending on how you are going to use your birch board, you can set it up with wheels and trucks that compliment that type of riding. That makes birch boards very versatile.

Which Material For Your Board?

The material you pick for your best longboards depends on what you are going to be using it for the most and also your riding style. The best way to find out which material you like is to try out all three kinds of wood. One of them will feel right to you and met your needs,


The thing to remember when picking out a wood longboard is the strength flex you need, and the riding you will be doing. Maple, birch, and bamboo all have good qualities about them and bad. The key is to maximize the good and minimize the bad with how you use your longboard.

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